Fox news reports:
A 22-year-old Brazilian woman was infected with HIV after sharing manicure tools with her cousin, in a rare case of disease transmission, reported Counsel & Heal…
The woman denied all classical transmission routes, including intercourse and needle sharing, and her mother also tested negative. The women both reported sharing manicure equipment with a cousin 10 years ago. At the time, the cousin was unaware of her infection status but later tested positive for HIV.
After analyzing samples from the woman and her cousin, researchers found that the viral genetic material in both women was highly related, indicating the possibility that HIV was transmitted by the manicure instruments.
Manicure utensils are not part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s list of mechanisms by which HIV spreads.
HIV is a blood borne virus so any time there is broken skin with bleeding there is a possible risk of HIV infection.
In this case the manicure equipment may have cut the skin causing some minor bleeding.
This case is particularly rare however it’s important to note that HIV is not always spread via sexual activity. Two important issues for consideration:
- The importance of all people considering having a HIV test on a regular basis
- The importance of cleaning all equipment that may have contact with blood even if it’s a minor cut.
If you are in the local Melbourne area, rapid HIV tests are available in the CBD at Era Health.
Dr George Forgan-Smith